A high-pressure, hot, liquid mixture of methanol and water is fed into an adiabatic flash drum (or vapor-liquid separator). Because the flash drum pressure is below the bubble pressure, some of the liquid evaporates and the temperature decreases because energy is needed to evaporate the liquid. Thus, a vapor-liquid mixture in equilibrium exits the drum.
Use the sliders to adjust the feed mole fraction of methanol, the feed temperature and the flash drum pressure. This is a continuous process, but calculations are presented for 10 moles of feed. Material balances, an energy balance and Raoult's law for vapor-liquid equilibrium are used to determine the amounts of liquid and vapor exiting the drum and the mole fractions in each phase.
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